Historic, Archive Document

Do not assume content reflects current scientific knowledge, policies, or practices.

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LARKSPUR—Regal. Tremendous- ly long thick spikes, Superb performer that suits critical flo- rist standards.

DOUBLE SNAPDRAGON Lemonade. Clear primrose- yellow with extra petals in the mouth of each floret.

MORNING GLORY--Blue Star. Beautiful. Dark blue star on delicate sky-blue trumpet.

SWEET PEA—The Margaret O’Brien. Distinctly different col- or, Radiant salmon-coral suf- fused with luminous. orange sheen.

POPPY, Garitord—Pastel mix- ture. Long stemmed. Very rich,

ASTER—Princess. Deep quilled varios unusual giant flowering Bright mid-orange flower. to 34" :

Unique form, Petals curl down- ward and meet underneath forming a quill.

CALENDULA Orange Quills.

“oushion’’ centers. 3" blooms. Makes fine wilt-resis- tant cut flowers in new colors,

LIMITED WARRANTY CLAUSE—Our Company warrants to the extent of the purchase price that seeds or bulbs sold are as de- scribed on the container within recognized tolerances. Seller gives no other or further Warranty, express or implied.

Copyright 1950, Garden Publications

This book is a Complete Guide

To Better Gardens

Do you know exactly how much

lettuce seed to plant for the number

of feet of row you want?

. e » or what kind of soil you need

for cucumbers? And how to get it?

. - « or what are the reasons behind inter-cropping, catch-cropping, and

succession cropping?

... or the special fertilizer needs of

dahlias?

In this “Garden Annual" you'll find the answers to hundreds of questions like these! Unlike most seed catalogs, this book devotes bg half its space to the ''How-when-where-

why'' of gardening.

You see, we want your garden to be a rous- ing success! We want you to get the most results with the least effort. We want your gardening to be fun.

So, in this book as in our store, we do everything possible to help the gardeners we serve.

Our job as seedsmen, we believe, is to pro- vide know-how, as well as merchandise. We provide it through our Spring Garden An- nuals. We keep on providing it in our store, throughout the year!

YEAR-ROUND!

We offer a _ complete, year-round, local garden service.

We offer only good,

fresh seeds—packet or bulk.

We offer a complete sup- ply service.

We offer cheerful, expert garden counsel.

Let’s Talk Over Our Farm Problems.

FTER all, our farm problems are the same because GRISWOLD'S is owned and operated by a.seeds- man who lives, gardens and farms in the same

climate and soil as you do.

For generations the GRISWOLD FAMILY has been wide- ly known for dependable seeds, having been long es- tablished in the seed business in New England befcre coming to Lincoln more than a half-century ago.

From our small beginning in Lincoln as a seed store, we have, with your help, grown into what we believe is the most complete Garden, Field and Flower Department Store in the Middle West.

At Griswold’s You Will Find These Completely Stocked Departments:

1. NURSERY STOCK—Complete 6. FARMS—We raise, on our own line (see back cover). farms, many acres of grain, test-

ing the newer varieties of hy- 2. ee a ae! cee brid corn, wheat, oats, etc. We

are always glad to pass along

. INSECTICIDES Weed Killers,

Plant Foods, fertilizers.

. CHICK AND TURKEY HATCH-

ERY—At our hatchery at Milford, Nebraska, we hatch many thou- sand high quality chicks and poults; raise fine Broad-Breasted Bronze Turkeys for market, and produce our own hatching

eggs.

. CHICKS & POULTRY SUPPLIES

—The day-old chicks from our hatchery at Milford are also sold at our store in Lincoln, A com- plete line of poultry remedies, feeds, feeders, supplies, etc.

any information we have had in this work.

, BIRDS ~AND SPET @SUPPLIES—

Wide selection of sweet-toned Canary Singers. GUARANTEED TO SING! Also a complete line of bird, dog and cat foods, rem- edies and supplies.

. BEE-KEEPER'S SUPPLIES—Hives,

supers, foundations, frames, sec- tions, smokers, gloves, etc,

. FLORAL DEPARTMENT Fresh

cut flowers for all occasions. Potted plants, pottery, artificial wreaths, etc.

Yniswold st: float

How to Grow and Maintain a Beautiful, Rich, Green Lawn!

STARTING A NEW LAWN

SOIL PREPARATION. Spade or plow the area to a 6 or 8 inch depth. Pulverize the soil thoroughly, A heavy clay soil can be lightened by mixing with sand and hu- mus, A light soil can be improved by adding a top dressing of heavier soil. For best results soil should be slightly heavy. If the soil is acid, scatter crushed limestone,

Peat moss or Terralite are invaluable addi- tions to both light and heavy soils be- cause they help retain soil moisture with- out allowing the water to be dissipated down below the root lines. Too, they keep soil particles loose and friable. Spade them into the soil or apply as a top dressing at least half an inch deep. In a heavy clay soil use one inch or more. A newly plant- ed lawn needs a rich well balanced soil, because grass roots are heavy feeders. By feeding the soil the vital elements con- tained in plant food, such as _ nitrogen, phosphorous, potash, etc., you are headed toward a successful planting. We can rec- ommend the best plant food for your local soil condition.

Mix the lawn food with a top dressing or rake and work it well into the soil, Be- cause fresh manure usually contains weed seeds its use is not advisable for a new lawn.

SEEDING. The generally accepted rule for the amount of seed required is five pounds per thousand square feet. Skimping on seed in quality or quantity is costly in time and labor. A well sown lawn checks the immediate introduction and develop- ment of weeds. Too much seed retards growth, Choose a calm windless day for sowing, A more uniform distribution of seed is possible with a spreader, Whether sown by Hand or spreader, however, sow in two directions, one at right angles to the other. This insures against leaving bare grassless areas,

1

Rake the seed into the soil lightly or brush it in by dragging some light flexible ob- ject over it such as a sack. The seed should be covered by an eighth of an inch of fine soil or new top dressing.

ROLLING, May be properly employed to press the soil firmly around the new seed. Use a light water ballast roller, empty to one third full. Remember the soil becomes compacted if rolled too heavily too often or when wet and sticky. For leveling your lawn whether new or old use top dress- ing, never a roller.

WATER with a fine spray so the seed bed will not be disturbed, If the normal mois- ture is enough to keep the lawn just slightly damp try not to water it again until the seed has germinated, but do not let it get dry at any time.

SPRING LAWN CARE

Fine lawns start with very early spring care. Here are some suggestions,

1. REMOVE all the winter accumulations of leaves and debris by raking.

2. APPLY PLANT FOOD as directed by the manufacturer. If grass has started apply when grass is dry, then soak the lawn to wash the plant food off the blades and into the soil.

3. RE-SEED thin and bare spots using about a pound to each 200 square feet. Pulver- ize the soil in bare spots, then cover the seed lightly.

4. ROLL the lawn with a lightweight roller when soil is dry enough to prevent com- pacting.

Fall planting offers many advantages in lawn starting. If you plant in the spring, seed early—long before you begin work on your flower garden, for seedlings need a chance to grow sturdy before weeds germinate, Planting delayed until mid- summer can be successful if diligently followed by ample watering and weeding.

SUMMER LAWN CARE

1. MOW frequently enough to keep grass from exceeding a 2]!% inch height. Set the mower to cut about 114 inches high. Very close cutting scalps the rough spots and unless done extra-frequently injures the grass by sudden exposure to the sun after it has been shaded by dense growth. Short mower clippings left on the lawn are beneficial, They are harmful however if the quantity is so great the grass is smothered and new growth retarded.

2. WEED CONTROL with the many excel- lent and selective types now available as- sures weed elimination with the least ef- fort and time. Get those weeds early be- fore they seed or spread and your sum- mer lawn care is considerably easier. Refer to our weed killer selection in the back of our Garden Annual.

3. WATERING is a point that depends much on your good judgment. If the turf is dry it is far wiser to soak limited areas to a six to eight inch depth on successive evenings than to sprinkle the whole lawn with a limited supply of moisture that will attract the dry grass roots up to the sur- face. Water sloping areas more liberally at the top to compensate for drainage

losses. FALL LAWN CARE

FEEDING the lawn with a balanced plant food and seeding the bare and thin spots will amply reward your effort the follow- ing spring with a sparkling, healthy new growth,

Fall Is A Good Time To Make a New Lawn, During the moderate fall weather, grass seed germinates quickly and makes vigorous growth. Also, few weeds ger- minate in the fall, thus permitting the lawn to flourish without interference.

A better lawn for your home? We can help you!

When a seedsman operates in only one area, he soon knows just about all there is to know about lawn-building in that area.

We've been at it for quite along time, hereabouts! So we can assure you that we know what your lawn needs. Whatever your lawn situation may be, it's a good idea to ask us about it!

KENTUCKY BLUE GRASS

Super quality. Selected lots, doubly re- cleaned, removing all chaffy and _ light seed, Extra heavy, plump seed produces more and stronger plants per pound, Lb.

$1.25, SPECIAL MIXTURE

This mixture will give you a rich, velvety green lawn of fine texture. Free from

HIGH QUALITY GRASS SEEDS

grasses inclined to produce clumps or knots. Finest Kentucky Blue Grass is combined with other suitable grasses in the proper proportions to produce a fine permanent sod. Lb, $1.25; 5 lbs. $6.00.

SHADY LAWN MIXTURE

This special mixture is a combination of finest quality shade-enduring grasses de- veloped through years of experience, Lb. $1.50; 5 Ibs. $7.25.

An Organic Food

Milorganite is a natural organic plant food. It contains more of the “basic” fertilizer elements than barnyard ma- nure and is rich in vital trace elements as well.

The effects on growth are long lasting because it is not as soluble as chemical fertilizers. Milorganite promotes steady, healthy, uniform growth as the nitrogen is released slowly.

Odorless—Weed Free Milorganite is free of color, contains no weed seeds. It is non-burning, easy to

use, and keeps indefinitely. 25 Ibs, $1.25; 50 Ibs. $2.35:

$4.00. HOW 7O USE

Apply 3-5 lbs. to 100 sq. feet. Lawns need a feeding spring and fall. Gardens will need the maximum amount worked into the soil before planting. Shrubs should have a circle of Mil- organite worked into the soil under the branches,

100 lbs.

Trees will need special treatment as given on the bag.

““MILORGANIZE”

for BETTER TURF

HERE’S HOW TO FIGURE YOUR SEED NEEDS

In figuring how much seed you need, re- member “‘skimpy’’ seeding is the most costly in the long run, Plant enough to get a thick, heavy mat of grass and you'll need far less re-seeding,.

Th wise minimum for new lawn planting may be figured from this teble:

Size Plot Square Feet Amt. Seed 10x20 200 1 lb. 20x50 1,000 5 lbs. 20x100 2,000 10 lbs. 50x100 5,000 25 lbs.

100x100 10,000 50 lbs.

For re-seeding, use half these amounts.

What kind of seed? The only safe answer to this question is, ‘It all depends!"’ Cli- mate, amount of sun or shade, soil condi-

tions, drainage, slope, all must be con-

sidered,

That's why we suggest that lawn seed should be bought from a merchant who can weigh all these factors—and help you to get the right answer,

What price? How much should you pay for lawn seed? Well, there’s no getting away from the fact that low priced seeds are actually the most costly. They give you less coverage; hence you have to plant more. They don’t last as long; hence, you must replant more often, They don’t make the type of dense turf that crowds out the weeds, So, whatever the price of lawn seed at any given time, buy the finest you can get! You'll save money— and have a better lawn!

WHATEVER THE NEED!

My, der Ma Mee POY iin G nw," UA ot Mt, oo ny Fe ayiiky aytiget ll nN Se ANN MTS Some sunny lawns require one

type of seed; some need another. No single variety or mixture of va- rieties can take care of all situa- tions, But whatever the need, we can supply the seed that is best suited.

DEEP SHADE

Wherever cool shade makes it dif- ficult to obtain a good lawn, our special shade mixture is heartily recommended. We have chosen ex- cellent quality, shade enduring grasses and clovers that will give you good results.

RS 6 ee ys ES OD

TRA ANE NOD

SPECIAL USES

We have just the right grass seed for every purpose. We can give you special deep-rooted grasses for the sloping lawn, the ideal grasses for planting on golf courses, parks, estates, cemeteries . .. or for just any other special use, Just tell us what you want. -

FOR COMPLETE VEGETABLE SEED PRICES SEE PAGE 24

From among all the thousands of available varieties, we have selected those which will produce the best

quality and the greatest yields in the gardens of our territory. So we offer you this compact selection as a safe, sound base for your plans.

VEGETABLES FOR FREEZING

The Symbols (fr) following the variety names indicates vegetables suitable for home freezing.

ASPARAGUS

A hardy perennial; will bear over 20-year period if properly cared for. We recommend purchase of ASPAR- AGUS ROOTS rather than seeds, a3 roots produce crop 2 years earlier. If seed is used, sow thinly in drills in early Spring. Cover to \" depth. Soak seed 24 hrs. before planting. Sow in loose, rich, moist soil after weather warms up. Thin to stand 6” apart. When a year old and in early spring transplant in well enriched beds in permanent position, OA" apart, in rows 20” apart. Set in hole so that crown is 8’ below surface, but only cover tips with 3” of soil. As plants grow, fill in until level. Don't cut first year after setting.

Mary Washington (fr)—Thick, tall green spears with purple tops. Highly rust resistant. Rapid growing, Tender.

BEANS Green Podded, Dwarf or Bush

Don’t plant until warm and settled.

the weather is

Sow beans in bottom of furrow, su to 4” deep and from 2¥% to 3Y, feet between rows, but do not fill in with more than 1l%"’ of soil over seeds. Press soil firmly over seeds, but do not pack hard, Thin to stand 4” to 6’ apart in row. Bean seedlings are likely to be slowed up pushing through heavy soil, In such soils,

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cover seeds with mixture of half sand and half soil, or sand and peat or any other loose, light material that will allow seedlings to break through easily.

Thin young plants to about 6” apart. Keep cultivated until plants blossom. (DO NOT CULTIVATE when blos- soms are at prime or when plants are wet with dew. Keep vines picked to insure a larger bearing period.) Make plantings every two weeks for supplies throughout the season.

—Two scientific facts about beans will help produce better crops. First, being legumes, they should be in- oculated with special legume culture listed in supply section. This enables plants to manufacture their own nitrogen from the air. Second, bud drop of the tiny flowers (even before they can be easily seen) cuts the early set of pods. By spraying with a fruit setting spray these buds are held on.and the early crop increased by as much as 100 per cent.

Black Valentine Stringless (fr)—Hardy, early maturing, very productive. Pods, dark green, 66% in. long, brittle, smooth, stringless. Seeds black. 49 days.

Bountiful (fr.—An early, heavy-yielding variety, The leading flat podded bean for market and home use. Flat, light- green, stringless, but slightly fibrous pods of finest quality. 47 days,

Stringless Green Pod (fr)—Large, sturdy plants. Meaty round pods, brittle and strictly stringless. Medium green pods, oval, yellowish-brown seed. 54 days.

Giant Stringless Green Pod—5%"' pods almost round. Meaty, stringless and brittle, Medium Green. 53 days,

Plentiful—Productive, early, Flat, me- dium green pods, 6 to 7-in. long, strict-

ly stringless. Choicest quality. All- America Medal. 51 days.

Tendergreen (fr)—Large, erect plants. Abundant, round, dark-green pods,

strictly stringless and fleshy. 54 days.

Wax Podded, Dwarf or Bush

Improved Golden Wax (fr)—Small, erect plants, moderately productive. Straight, thick, flat pods, creamy yellow and stringless. 51 days.

Pencil Pod Black Wax (fr)—Stocky, large, strongly productive plants. Pods, golden yellow, tender, stringless, 55 days.

Sure Crop Stringless—Handsome, rich yellow pods. Sturdy, brittle. 6-6¥%2 in. long. Strictly stringless. 53 days.

Beans, Pole In warm ground, set poles 4’ to 8’ long slanting a bit to the north in rows 4' apart. (Extending north and south the poles will be 3’ apart in the row.) Anchor well as heavy beanvines blow over easily. Plant 5 to 8 beans about 1” deep around each pole, When growth is sufficient thin to four plants. Sometimes three poles set to form a tepee are used and several seeds planted around each tepee. Caution: To avoid spreading plant diseases, do not cultivate or pick when plants are wet.

London Horticultural or Cranberry— Hardy, good climber, 5"’ pods flat-oval, dark green when young, splashed with red, Slightly curved, stringless, little fiber and very fleshy, 70 days.

Kentucky Wonder (fr)}—Strong climber, hardy, long-bearing. Curved, almost round pods, Slightly stringy, but brittle and fibreless. Meaty. 65 days.

Kentucky Wonder Wax (fr)—Vigorous, good climbing plants waxy-yellow pods,

flat and nearly stringless, Somewhat fi- brous but meaty. 68 days.

Beaune 15¢ PER PACKET

ALL OTHER VEGETABLE SEEDS 10¢ | EXCEPT WHERE OTHERWISE NOTED

Tea utaien, 10c PER PACKET .

BEANS, Continued

Lima, Dwarf or Bush Plant in dry, warm ground. Make

Tows 2’ apart and drop beans 6” apart in row, Plant Lima Beans with the eye down to assist quick ger- mination, Cover with 1” of soil. Can also be planted in hills, 3’ apart one way and 2’ apart the other way. Use 4 to 6 beans per hill.

Burpee’s Improved Bush (fr)—Best of flat seeded bush limas, Pods contain four or five large beans of excellent quality. 75 days, Pkt. 15c,

Fordhook Bush (fr)—Straight pods with plump, large beans, excellent quality. Henderson’s Bush (fr)—Known as Baby Lima or Butter Bean. Plants small, early and bushy. 65 days, Very productive.

Lima, Pole Follow same plan as for other pole beans but plant seed two weeks later.

King of the Garden (fr)—Flat, smooth pods with four or five white, large, flat beans. 88 days.

BEANS, SHELL

Navy—Small seed, almost round and white. Hardy, prolific. Most popular for baking. 95 days.

Red Kidney—Pods 6-7 in, long, Flat large beans, pinkish red to mahogany in color. Rich flavor, 95 days.

BEETS

Deep, rich sandy loam produces finest beets. As soon as ground can be worked sow in drills 18’’ apart and press soil firmly over seed. Each “seed” is a fruit with several true seeds. No matter how thinly beets are sown, they will need thinning. Make three sowings, one early, one three weeks later and one 60 days before fall. When tops are 3” to 6” tall pull them and use for cooked greens. Continue this until roots stand 6” apart.

Crosby’s Egyptian (fr)—Widely grown for early beets. Flattened globe shaped roots with small tap root. Excellent quality, tender and sweet. 60 days. Detroit Dark Red (fr)—Standard of ex- cellence in table beets. Smooth, globular roots of deep ox-blood red—sweet and tender. 68 days.

- Ft

ee

UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED

The beans illustrated here (to give you a comparison of sizes) are: 1—Improved Golden Wax; 2—Giant Stringless; 3—Tendergreen; 4—Bountiful; 5—Kentucky Wonder; 6—Hen- derson’s Bush Lima, and 7—Fordhook Bush Lima.

Early Wonder Early variety. Semi- globular, tender, blood-red. 58 days. BEETS, STOCK (Mangel

Wurzel)

Sow seeds in early fall and spring in rows. Plant 214"' to 4" apart. Later thin to 10” apart. Mammoth Long Red—Very popular, 30 to 50 tons per acre. Roots grow half above the ground. Light red, flesh white with rose tinge. 110 days.

BROCCOLI

Plant and cultivate like cabbage and cauliflower. Italian Green Sprouting (fr)—Plant bears a succession of sprouting heads about o-in. long, which, if kept cut, will be replaced by others for 8 to 10 weeks. DoMLONOOmCays:

BRUSSELS SPROUTS

Easy to grow wherever conditions are favorable for late cabbage, and requires same culture. As sprouts begin to form remove lower leaves

so that all nourishment sent to lower stem will be forced into the sprouts. Do not use until after heads have matured. Long Island Improved—Compact, uni- form dwarf size plants. Cabbage-like sprouts 14%" to 14%" in diameter. One of the most dependable varieties. 90 days.

SWISS CHARD

Requires about same treatment as beets. Cultivate frequently, Leaves may be gathered during summer and fall. New ones will grow quickly.

Lucullus—Most popular Chard. Upright in growth, with yellowish-green curled, crumpled leaves. Thick, broad and light green stems. 50 to 60 days.

Rhubarb Chard Heavily crumpled leaves, dark green with a translucent crimson stalk. Easily grown, every- where. A different, tasty, delicious flavor —cook stalks and leaves together for a new taste thrill. 60 days.

FEEDING IMPROVES QUALITY AND YIELD!

By feeding their vegetables adequate- ly, home gardeners can not only enjoy increased yields, and higher quality, but can reduce substantially the work involved in gardening. Expense of feed- ing plants remains practically at its prewar figure.

To apply, stretch the line to mark the row in which seeds are to be planted, Then not less than two inches away on either side, make a furrow four inches deep. Pour plant focd into each furrow at the rate of one pound

(or pint) for 50 feet, and cover it with earth, Then make the drill in which seed are to be sown and proceed with

-

planting as usual, ;

The standard application of a bal- anced plant food for evenly distributed area coverage is 4 pounds per 100 square feet (a space 10x10 feet square). © You may figure one pound per pint, so an area 10 by 10 ft. requires two quarts. One quart will feed 50 square feet and one pint 25 square feet,

ALL VEGETABLE SEEDS 4 UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED

10c PER PACKET

CABBAGE Sow seed in drills 6’’ apart across the bed, dropping the seed 5 to 6 to the inch, Firm soil after covering, then water thoroughly. Keep beds moist but not soaking wet. Seed germinates 3 to 8 days depending on temperature, Transplant to open ground when plants have made fourth pair of leaves. Space 12’ x ie 24"", Use plenty of good commercial fertilizer. Cultivate frequently, every 5S or 6 days until cabbages are large.

Yellows Resistant Varieties Yellows Resistant Marion Market— Large, firm round heads, used for early kraut. A development from Copenhagen Market. 7-in., 4-lb. heads. 75 to 80 days. Yellows Resistant Wisconsin Hollander —Late, excellent for winter storage and kraut. Similar to Hollander and Danish Ball Head. 7 to 8-in., 7 to 9-lb. heads. 100 to 110 days.

Standard Early Varieties Copenhagen Market Excellent, early

short season type. Short stems, 6¥-in., 3% to 4b. heads. 65 to 70 days.

Some carrots reach deeply into the soil for food and moisture while others widen them- selves in the topsoil. Above are comparative sizes and shapes of carrots. (1) Chantenay;

Early Jersey Wakefield—Pointed heads, small and firm. Earliest pointed variety. Plants compact. 62 days.

Golden Acre—Extra early variety pro- ducing uniform well-balanced head. Weighs about 3 lbs. Excellent quality. 65 days.

Late or Winter Varieties Danish Ball Head or Hollander—A wide- ly used late type. Deep, round, hard,

compact heads, 7 to 8-in., 6 to 7-lb. Tender, crisp, fine for kraut. 100 to 105 days.

Premium Late Flat Dutch—The best late variety. Large, round, flat solid heads of perfect shape. Less inclined to burst than many varieties. Tender; fine quality. Red Variety

Mammoth Red Rock—Best of the red cabbages. Hard, round. Purplish-red heads. Good keeper, 6 to 8-in., 7 to 8-lb, heads, 100 days.

CHINESE CABBAGE

Must never be grown as a spring crop since it will only go to seed. Plant after June 15, as days are get- ting shorter, then it will head. An excellent succession crop to follow early peas,

(2) Imperator; (3) Danvers Half Long; (4) Red Cored Chantenay; (5) Oxheart.

Chihili or Improved Pekin—Dependable, early. Solid, tapered heads, 3 to 4in. thick, 18 to 20-in. long. 75 days.

CARROTS

Use sandy loam enriched by manure the previous year, if possible; but any good land if deeply and well worked will produce a good crop. Sow seed as early as ground can be worked. Sow seed 4" to 1’’ deep in drills 16° to 18’’ apart. Press soil firmly above seed, When plants ap- pear use cultivator or wheel hoe and thin from 2” to 6” apart, accord- ing to type. Keep cultivated.

Chantenay, Red Cored (fr)—Root has thick shoulder and tapers to slight stump root, 5-in. long. Red cored. 70 days.

Danvers Half Long—Sweet, tender roots, 6 to 7-in. long tapering to a blunt point. Fine for storing. 75 days.

Improved Imperator (fr) Fine-grained, tender. Rich orange, indistinct core. Roots smooth, tapered to semi-blunt. 77 days.

Nantes Improved Coreless (fr)—Excel- lent for forcing. Tops small, roots bright

orange, blunt ended. Flesh reddish orange and practically coreless. days.

Oxheart or Guerande Excellent

shallow soil, easy to harvest. tender and sweet, well, 72 to 75 days.

CAULIFLOWER Packet, 25c

Needs rich soil and abundant water- ing. Cultivate same as cabbage but protect heads from sunlight to in- sure the prized white curd. This is done by gathering leaves together loosely as soon as heads begin form- ing, and tying them at the top,

Early Snowball (fr)—Best

firm compact heads of fine flavor. inches in diameter. 55 days.

CELERIAC

Large Smooth Prague—(Turnip rooted

celery). Smooth spherical 3-in. thick. 120 days.

roots, 2

PROPER GARDEN SPADING A REAL ART

When the soil can be crumbled in your hand it is dry enough to spade. Spading

wet soil forms clods that are difficult to break up. Mould a ball of soil in your

hand and pat it to make a mud pie. If the

pie holds together the soil is too wet to

spade.

blade not parallel right angles to it.

spade over so that the top soil,

you have spaded previously?

Chunky, Bright orange. Keeps

and most widely used early variety. Medium,

to the trench but at Lift it up and turn the humus and plant food which you have added are dropped underneath and into the trench

When the last row is dug, carry the soil removed from the first row to fill in the last trench, If the good soil is deep, spade to a depth of 8 to 12 inches, If the top soil is shallow, avoid digging up the sub- soil. Pulverize the soil, breaking up clods with iron rake and removing stones or trash. Just before planting any area of the garden, work that part finely and smooth off with a rake before laying out the rows.

If you are going to tackle a sizable job of spading, it's good strategy to work at it only an hour a day. Then you'll be done before you realize it and the job will not be so exhausting.

There’s a trick to spading for best re- sults. Drive the spade straight down. Dig a trench and lay the soil from the trench, aside at the end, Now spade with the

CELERY

Start in shaded hotbed 60 days be- fore needed. Cover seeds 14". Trans- plant when 6” high. In setting out- doors, don’t get soil in or over crown. Set 7” to 12” apart. Soil must be rich, moist and loose. As soon as plants have grown to 14” ton l5estalla set 12" boards) on both sides of row and hold in place with earth. Or 4"’ drain tile can be used to blanch individual stalks. Celery must have warm, settled weather: If chilled, plants are likely to go to seed. Keep soil well fertilized and moist. Crop matures in cool weather of autumn.

Giant Pascal—Late variety for winter use. Large plant, dark green leaves. Big solid stalks that blanch to yellow white, 135 days.

Golden Self Blanching, Dwarf Com- pact plants, yellowish green foliage. Broad solid stalks, nutty flavor. Blanches readily. 120 days.

Wonderful or Golden Plume Early, medium plant with compact, full heart. Blanches easily to golden yellow. 112 to 115 days.

COLLARDS

Sow seed heavily and transplant when 4” high; or sow in rows in

Most Sweet Corn is really sweet only if it is home grown. As soon as it’s picked, the sugar begins to turn to starch, and six hours after it’s picked, most of the sweetness is gone. Illustrated above showing comparative row and kernel characteristics are (1) Gold- en Bantam (2) Golden Cross Bantam (3) Country Gentleman.

Southern or cooked green.

permanent beds and thin to 16” to 18’ apart when plants are well started.

SWEET CORN

For the home gardener, the simplest way to plant sweet corn is in rows or drills, not in hills. Plant on north side of garden or so late summer shade from your corn does not re- tard growth of other nearby vege- tables. Space the rows 36” apart, and plant a seed about every 3”. Thin stalks to stand 9’’ to 12” apart in row. The drill should be 3”’ to 4” deep, but don’t cover seed with more than 1” of soil. The drill or furrow can be filled in as the plants grow to anchor them against the wind.

In hills, plant 4 to 6 grains per hill. Later thin to 2 or 3 stalks to a hill. Space several plantings at intervals of 14 days for continuous crop, Removing suckers has been standard practice with practically all growers. Now, experiments prove that remov- ing suckers merely takes away extra food-producing leaves and so hurts rather than helps growth. Also,

Georgia An_ excellent

Long stemmed plant, with clustered leaves. Withstands heat and bad soil. 24 to 36 days.

suckering often disturbs roots enough to injure plant. Always plant corn in several short rows side by side Tather than one long row. Corn is pollinated by wind and rows side- by-side mean that all the stalks can be reached by the pollen. Many home gardeners, on reading news- paper accounts of corn de-tasseling, assume that this is necessary to set ears. On the contrary, removing tassels may cut the crop seriously. Detasseling is only done where hybrid corn is raised for seed pur- poses. The more pollen that flies, the better the set of kernels. So don’t detassel sweet corn in the home garden. If weeds are under control, stop cultivating. If weeds are bad late in the season, work the soil as shallow as possible to avoid injuring surface feeder roots.

Hybrids

We offer Hybrid Sweet Corn varieties known as the best for your garden— the finest that can be procured any- where. We list here only a few of these choice kinds. Whatever your needs or your preference, be sure we can supply you with the kind of corn you want. Talk it over with us.

Golden Cross Bantam (fr)—Extremely uniform. Ears 10 to 14 rows, slightly lighter yellow than Golden Bantam. Highly resistant to Stewart's disease. 85 days.

Ioana (fr)—1940 All-America, Ears 7¥2 to 8-in., well filled with 12 or 14 rows of deep medium narrow, light yellow kernels. Highly resistant to drought and bacteria wilt. 87 days.

Marcross (fr)M—An early wilt-resistant hybrid, producing deep golden yellow kernels 7 days earlier than Golden Bantam. Ears 6 to 7-in. long, with 12-14 rows of large sweet kernels, 73 days. Stowell’s Hybrid Evergreen White. Large ears about 8-in. long; big kernels, very sweet. One of the best late va- rieties. 95 days.

Open-Pollinated Bantam Evergreen—A cross of Golden Bantam on Stowell’s Evergreen. 14 to 18 rows. Deep, rich golden kernels, tender, sweet, 90 days.

Black Mexican—Pure white corn with

purplish-black seed. Ears are 7 to 8-in.

long, 8 straight rows. 88 days. (Continued on Page 10)

SMART THINNING CAN INCREASE YIELD

There is no satisfactory way to avoid thinning. When too many come up, be thankful and consider the thinning out as an opportunity to select the best plants as the ones to survive.

For best results, thinning should be done gradually. In case of a crop which grows best when the plants stand four inches apart, do not at first thin it to one plant for each four inches.

It is foolish to discard all excess plants prematurely when accidents, insects or disease may destroy many which are left. If thinning is done by stages as the plants grow, they will finally stand at the opti- mum distance from each other, and there

will be small chance of vacant spaces in the row.

Lettuce plants, thinned to stand an inch apart, will soon reach a size when alter- nate plants can be removed to make a salad; and this process may be continued until the spacing is right for the remain- ing plants to mature.

Carrot$ may be thinned the first time when they are as thick as a pencil; and a dish of the thinnings will give those who have never eaten such tiny carrots before, a new idea of this vegetable.

Beets may be allowed to grow until

about six inches tall, when their roots have just begun to swell.

SWEET CORN, Continued

Country Gentleman or Shoe Peg (fr)— Prolific late variety. Favored by can- ners. Irregular kernels, very deep, sweet. 93 days.

Golden Bantam (fr)—The best and most favorably known of all the yellow va- rieties. Stalks often have 2 ears. Ears 8 rowed, kernels broad, with tender hull.

Stowell’s Evergreen—White. Large ears about 8-in. long; big kernels, very sweet. Good late variety, 93 days.

POP CORN

South American or Yellow Dynamite— Rich, creamy, yellow, smooth and round kernels, which pop double size of others. Ears 8 to 9-in. long. Vigorous grower, 115 days.

New! Hybrid Pop Corn You will be delighted with the new hybrid pop corn, Yields are terrific; every plant produces corn with satis- fying, big ears, with uniform popping ability, ASK US ABOUT THESE NEW

HYBRIDS! CUCUMBER Select soil fully exposed to sun and enrich thoroughly with fertilizer. Sandy soils with plenty of compost are best. Roots have difficulty on heavy soils. Plant 8 to 10 seeds in a “hill.” Plant each hill about 36” apart. Cucumber vines like to stretch out, so plant rows about 4 feet apart. The old tale that melons or squash will cross pollinize with cucumbers and affect their taste if planted near- by is untrue, When vine is 6” long, thin to three strongest plants. Keep fruits picked to promote continuous fruiting. Use plenty of moisture; cucumbers are 90 per cent water. A and C—A long dark green cucumber which merits a trial. Uniform nearly cylindrical, well rounded at ends. Cubit—Won Bronze Medal Award in 1944 All-American Selections. Dark green, white spine cylindrical with blunt ends. Firm flesh and uniform col- oring. New and worthwhile. Davis Perfect—Midseason. 9 to 10-in. long, tapered ends, good color, 68 days. Early Fortune—Rich, dark green fruits with firm, crisp, pure white flesh. Grows to 9 by 2¥2-in. Ships well and is highly resistant to disease. 66 days. Long Green Improved—Black spined, good pickling. Grows 10 to 15 in, long. 70 days. ; Marketer—Fine new variety, very pro- lific. Attractive rich, dark green color,

carried right down to